Historians and archeologists are trying to trace the ancient History of Hunza in the inscriptions carved on rocks near Ganish village. However, these inscriptions have no clue concerning the local settlements and appear similar to a Guest Book for ancient travelers who traveled from Central Asia and China to India. The origin of the Burusho people and their language is a mystery which could never be solved.
Within the historical accounts the neighborhood people relate their origin using the soldiers of Alexander the fantastic (July 356 BC to June 10, 323 BC). It is known that in 326 B.C once the forces of Alexander the fantastic was on way back and passed through Hunza, five in the soldiers becoming ill, lagged behind in Hunza. These soldiers made this valley their property. However, here you go also not known that before their arrival there is any human settlement or not. If there was no human settlement inside the valley then, here you go not clear that from which these soldiers married? Additionally it is stated that Hunza was not in the route of the soldiers of Alexander.
According to another theory three (3) generals in Alexander’s army have married Persian women. The generals betrayed Alexander by giving the Persians his plans. When Alexander heard of the betrayal he sought to consider revenge, but the generals, wives as well as a band of many soldiers fled. The valley of Hunza is thought to get been their valley of refuge due to its remote and secure location. It is likely that the Hunza valley was already sparsely inhabited when the Macedon generals arrived. Certainly these tough fighting warriors made quick work of slaughtering the ancient inhabitants of Hunza. Though this can be purely speculation, it really is highly probable. The desolate rocky valley could not have supported the Macedonians unless some farms have been slowly built by others on the preceding centuries.
People also narrate that the earlier settlers migrated in the valley either from central Asia or from Shigar. It is known that, once the Brusho were occupying major parts of the present day Northern Areas which had been called Brushal but latter the invasion of Shins pushed these to Hunza, Nagar and Yasin Valleys. It is said that human settlement was were only available in Nagar valley from where people migrated to Hunza. If this is true there is great chance that the people migrated this region through Shigar. Major tribes of Altit migrated Hunza from Hakhashal; a classic settlement near Hopper Nagar.
According to Biddulph , Brushu people conquered Hunza in 120 B.C. E, and after that they captured Shigar and Baltistan. The word “Brushal” arises from Brushu, which is ancient name of Peshawar. In Tibetan history Hunza is named as Bruza and also the people of the area were called Burushos. During 11th century A.D., the shins invaded the location and pushed Buroshos to Hunza and Yasin Valleys. In Hunza they settled Ganish, Altit and Baltit villages or higher to 18th century the neighborhood everyone was restricted within these 3 fortified villages. However, Dr Ahmed Hassan Dhani writes that the people of Hunza proper belong to Dard race in the Yashkun caste and also have nothing concerning the Huns.
In another account it is said the White Huns – warrior tribes from Central Asia – conquered the Kabul Valley, the Indus valley and the Northern Areas in early 6th century A.D. They ruled through several local Shina and Burushiski kings called “Rajas”, who have been subordinate to the Hun Emperor. It is additionally claimed that the traditional ancestors of the Hunzu Kuts were called Moghul. While rwlgfw with the Hunza valley, their leader Mughal Tithum, was injured when kicked by way of a horse along with to stay there in good care of his most trusted men. After recovering he established the communities of Baltit, Altit and Ganish. However, today the Hunza individuals are from diversified background. People from central Asia, Baltistan, Diamer and several other locations migrated and settled within the valley.